What is the difference between disciplines?
For feeding skills:
Speech Therapy (ST) works on the control of food in the mouth and tongue movements for speech and respiration.
Occupational Therapy (OT) works on bringing food to the mouth, control of food in the mouth, and respiration necessary for activity/exercise.
For cognitive skills:
OT and ST together work on helping attain strategies for establishment of new concepts. OT works on using visual perception skills for daily activities. ST works on strengthening foundational skills essential for speaking, developing, and understanding interactive language.
For physical skills:
PT works on strength, gross motor skills, muscle tone, balance, coordination, and speed, in a variety of tasks throughout the developmental spectrum, including sitting, crawling, walking, hopping, skipping, and moving from one position to another. OT works with fine motor skills and functional skills needed for self-care, such as feeding oneself, writing, manipulating buttons and fasteners, hand/eye coordination, all areas of daily hygiene, decreasing the impact of the effects of residual primitive reflexes, and improving posture.
PT and OT together work on normalizing muscle tone so the child can move with control. There is close coordination of interdisciplinary skills in all areas.